Two-dimensional echocardiography or 2D Echo employs sound waves to produce images of the heart, paracardiac structures and the blood vessels of the heart. Sound waves are directed to the cardiac region with a transducer, which transmits and receives the signals. The sound signals bounce or echo back from the heart to produce two-dimensional images. The test also detects the blood flow through the heart during the scan.
A 2D Echo test helps determine:
- Size, thickness and pumping ability of the heart
- Ability of the heart to function optimally
- Thickening of the heart muscles, if any
- Blockage of the heart vessels, if any
- Detect valve problems, if any