Another sub-specialty of diagnostic radiology is breast imaging and involves imaging procedures of the breasts. Typically, employed for detecting breast cancer, the breast imaging procedures include screening mammography, which uses a low-dose x-rays and can be done before the evidence of any symptoms, allowing for early detection and treatment.
Breast imaging also includes diagnostic mammography which is performed when someone evidences symptoms of breast cancer. The test employs X-rays to detect cancerous or non-cancerous (benign) cells. Breast tomosynthesis, meanwhile, is a new digital mammography technique that produces 3D images of the breast using X-rays.
Ultrasound imaging of the breasts are used to differentiate between cysts (fluid filled lumps) and solid lumps which may or may not be cancerous.
Some of the other procedures performed for breast imaging include:
- MRI Breast with Spectroscopy
- MRI Breast for Silicon implants
- Breast Core Biopsy
- Breast Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA)
- Breast Hookwire Localisation