Coagulation testing is undertaken to understand the ability of the blood to clot and the amount of time required for adequate clotting. This information helps a doctor assess the risk of excessive bleeding and developing blood clots. Essentially, the clotting of blood is vital for the survival of an individual. Blood moving through the blood vessels ought to move in a seamless manner, while the same blood must clot adequately to stem the flow of blood when an individual suffers a cut.
The inability to clot can result in excessive bleeding, while excessive clotting can develop clots in the blood stream and result in various health complications. Coagulation diagnostics helps determine thrombophilia, hemophilia, and possible liver diseases.
Coagulation ability can be determined, by the following types of blood tests:
- Complete blood count
- Factor V assay
- Fibrinogen levels
- Platelet count
- Bleeding time
- Thrombin time